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Procrastination: Why We Do It and How to Stop It

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Procrastination: Why We Do It and How to Stop It

 

Procrastination is an obstacle that we have had to overcome at some point in our lives.  What is procrastination and why does it affect or disrupt our daily lives so much? Procrastination is the act of delaying, postponing, or avoiding a task. The question that most people have when it comes to procrastination is why do we do it? Some researchers have concluded that procrastination is most likely caused by a lack of self-control. Procrastination not only plagues those who lack self-control, but also those who consider themselves to be perfectionists, or those who procrastinate due to anxiety.

Each procrastinator can be placed into at least one of three categories of procrastination based on the characteristics of each situation. According to the Psychology Today,  there are three types of procrastinors, thrill-seekers, avoiders, or decisional procrastinators. According to this website, those who procrastinate because it gives them a feeling of exhilaration can be classified as thrill-seekers. These  people are delighted by their procrastination, most others do it in response to fear of failure or success. Further, those whose procrastination is a reaction, rather than a voluntary action are known has avoiders. Finally, if their procrastination is not due to an emotion but rather their lack of decisiveness, they are decisional procrastinators.

No many what your type of procrastination here are some tips that might help.

1. Organize your supplies – When you start a task, gather all of the required supplies and materials beforehand. This can reduce the risk of something distracting you.

2. Set simple goals – When setting a goal, think about the components of the project and break them up into smaller deadlines. For example, if you’re working on an essay, your goal can be to finish your introduction.

3. Set a deadline – Along with setting a simple goal, you can set a deadline for each section. For example, when you are study for a test, set a deadline for an hour to study the first section and then take a short break. Once your break is over, continue to set a new goal and deadline until your work is completed.

4. Get rid of distractions – For most the number one environmental factor to procrastination is the distraction of a device. To remain focused, turn off your phone or put it in a different room. When it is time for a break or you have finished your task, you may turn it back on. An hour without your phone won’t kill you, and it may save your grade.

5. Take breaks – When working on a project, it can be quite arduous to sit and work constantly for hours. Instead of working for hours on end, it is actually important to take breaks. Studies have shown that breaks improve creativity, productivity, and increase motivation.

6. Prioritize – Work on the longer and more tedious task first. For example, if the project that you haven’t started yet is due tomorrow, and your Spanish homework is due the day after, it’s best if you start with the project first.

 

 

 

Citations

“Procrastination.” Psychology Today, Sussex Publishers, www.psychologytoday.com/us/basics/procrastination.

 

 

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Procrastination: Why We Do It and How to Stop It